Florence is one of the cities that is filled with culture, history, and art. It is referred to as the “Jewel of Renaissance” The historic central area of Florence is an enviable World Heritage Site and constantly draws millions of visitors each year, seeking an insight into Florence’s amazing architecture and art. However, there’s no way a visit to the city of Arno is not complete without at least one or two museums. Inspiring by detail, color, and significance to the past, each museum is more interesting than the previous one including art galleries such as those at the Uffizi (one of the oldest and most renowned museums of art in the world) and the Accademia Gallery (home to the imposing sculpture of Michaelangelo of David) to historic institutions such as The Archaeological Museum, there’s something for everyone in this fascinating city. That’s not even taking into account the lesser-known palaces, museums, and monasteries as well as noble houses that are hidden throughout the city.
Here are some of the famous art galleries and museums in Florence:
1. Accademia Gallery
The former hospital was established in the 14th century, later it became an Academy of Fine Arts, it is home to “David” The ultimate masterpiece of Michelangelo is a must-see for any visitor to Florence. In the period between 1501 and 1504, it was designed to serve as an outside decoration for the Cathedral of Florence, it turned into a symbol of the devotion to the Florentine State to independence and freedom, as well as a sign of the defeat of the Medici’s in 1494. It continues to symbolize the power, vigor, and determination representing the entire human race fighting for their lives. His body, later reconstructed by his contemporaries, Michelangelo was meticulously depicted due to the meticulous research conducted by the famous artist.
2. Galileo Museum
Museo Galileo is among the renowned museums in Florence, named after an eminent scientist, physicist Engineer, Astronomer, and Engineer, Galileo Galilei. In his lifetime, Galilei made a number of fundamental contributions to the field of Science in the fields of material strength, Astronomy. Following his death in 1642 the building of a museum was completed in Florence, Italy named Museo Galileo or Galileo Museum. The structure is made of brown bricks, whose description is included in Dan Brown’s book, Inferno. With Galileo museum tickets ( visit thrillophilia.com ) see the relics of the legendary astronomer, mathematician, physicist, and inventor Galileo Galilei
3. Palatine Gallery
The Palatine Gallery was completed in Palatine Gallery was commissioned by The Florentine Banker Lucca Pitti. The impressive structure stands out in the neighborhood, which is known as Oltrarno which means on the opposite side of the river Arno and its style is believed to be the work of Filippo Brunelleschi. This impressive structure was extended over the course of four centuries, beginning with the main body, which was originally constructed with seven windows spread across two floors. The building is now the true palace of three families including the Medici and the Lorraine and the Savoia.
4. Bargello Museum
The Bargello Museum can be found within the Palazzo del Podesta in Florence through the royal decree of June 22nd, 1865. With this, it was declared the first national museum of united Italy. Among various museums in Florence, this is specifically devoted to the art form that the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The impressive structure was a fortress in the central area of Florence and was constructed in 1255, with the intention to serve as the headquarters for the People’s Captain and later, of the Podesta.
5. San Marco Museum
It was built between 1473-1452 by Michelozzo An architect who was highly revered and admired by the Medici. At the time of its construction, this monastery was among the most modern and comfortable ones in Italy. The Michelozzo project came to an end with the construction of a massive renaissance-style elegant, beautiful and sober structure. During Lorenzo the Magnificent’s reign, this structure was transformed into a library which was a haven for the intellectuals and humanists of the day to read texts in Latin or Greek. The Michelozzo piece was the first library for the public of the West.
6. Modern Art Gallery
The collections from the Modern Art Gallery that is within Pitti Palace were put together towards the end of the 18th century due to Leopold from Lorraine and were later augmented by purchases and donations later on. Rooms of the Modern Art Gallery were decorated in the late 19th century during the final days of the reign of one of the most prestigious dukes from Lorraine. The collection started with the collection of the top pieces of competitions produced through the Academy of Arts and Design and that was initially displayed at the Accademia Gallery. Through the years, the collection was enhanced by the works of many urban dwellers of the day like Diego Martelli, acquired in the year 1897.
7. Archaeological Museum
It was opened in 1818 by King Victor Emmanuel II, at the Cenacolo di Foligno building. In the early days, the Archaeological Museum housed Roman and Etruscan artifacts. As the collection grew, the museum was relocated via Faenza to its present site at Piazza Santissima Annunziata in the year 1880. The museum was conceived from the personal collection of the Medici and the Lorraine. The museum has had several moves to the Uffizi. Its Egyptian collection was established around the mid-XVIII and XX centuries and comprised an Etruscan topographic museum that was destroyed by the floods of 1966.